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U.S. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

By The Issue Wonk

 

 

The United States Legislative Branch (“Congress”) is composed of two (2) houses:  The Senate and the House of Representatives.  The chief function of Congress is to make laws.  In addition, the Senate has the function of advising and consenting to treaties and to certain nominations by the president.  However, both houses confirm the president’s nomination for vice-president when there is a vacancy in that office.  In the matter of impeachments, the House of Representatives presents the charges and the Senate sits as a court to try the impeachment.  The Congress also plays a role in presidential elections.  Both houses meet in a joint session on the 6th day of January following a presidential election (unless they select a different day) to count the electoral votes.  If no candidate receives a majority of the total electoral votes, the House of Representatives, with each state having one (1) vote, chooses the president from among the three (3) candidates having the largest number of electoral votes.  The Senate, with each senator having one (1) vote, chooses the vice-president from the two (2) candidates having the largest number of votes for that office.

 

 

 

© The Issue Wonk, 2016

 

 

 

 

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